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Home > History > Ancient Civilizations > India

The history of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. In two of these, in the 6th century BCE, Mahavira and Gautama Buddha were born.

The subcontinent was united under the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. It subsequently became fragmented, with various parts ruled by numerous Middle kingdoms for the next ten centuries. Its northern regions were united once again in the 4th century CE, and remained so for two centuries thereafter, under the Gupta Empire. This period was known as the " Golden Age of India." During the same time, and for several centuries afterwards, India, under the rule of the Chalukyas, Cholas, Pallavas and Pandyas, experienced its own golden age, during which Hinduism and Buddhism spread to much of south-east Asia.

History of India
The roots of Indian civilisation stretch back in time to pre-recorded history. The earliest human activity in the Indian sub-continent can be traced back to the Early, Middle and Late Stone Ages..

Vijayanagara Empire
The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards..

Gupta Empire
The Gupta Empire was a Hindu empire ruled by the Gupta dynasty in ancient India from around 320 to 550 AD.

Indus Valley Civilization
The Indus Valley Civilization, 2800 BC1800 BC, was an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus River..

Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. It was also one of the four main kingdoms of India..

Buddha, the Wise One and original Enlightened Buddhist Being.

Vedic civilization
The Vedic civilization is the Indo-Aryan culture associated with the Vedas, the earliest known records of Indian history..

Mauryan Empire
The Mauryan Empire was India's first great unified empire. It lasted from 321 to 185 BCE, and was ruled by the Mauryan dynasty

Shiva, The Destroyer. He is Lord of the Cosmic Dance.

Ancient Civilization, National Geographic
Read articals from National Geographic and learn about lost tribes, the Dikika baby, the sahara dessert and how they all give little answers from Africa's ancient civilization.

Ancient India
Ancient India Studies

The Mauryan Empire
In the year 327 BC Alexander crossed the Hindu Kush. With great difficulty, he conquered pieces of land along the Indus and fought the famous king Poros at the river Hydaspes

Urban Character of the Indus Valley Civilization
Urban Character of the Indus Valley Civilization.

The Gupta Empire and Hinduism
India's so-called Dark Age -- from 185 BCE to CE 300 -- was not dark regarding trade. Disintegration of the Mauryan Empire and the invasions were mitigated by a continuing trade in which Indians sold more to the Roman Empire than they bought, with Roman coins piling up in India

The Culture of Ancient India..

The Upanishads and India to 500 BCE
By around 700 or 600 BCE, the migrations of the Aryans had ended, and with their new successes in agriculture the Aryans increased in number, and they began to create cities. Aryan traders, merchants, landlords appeared, as did money lenders.