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Home > History > Ancient Civilizations > India

The history of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. In two of these, in the 6th century BCE, Mahavira and Gautama Buddha were born.

The subcontinent was united under the Maurya Empire during the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. It subsequently became fragmented, with various parts ruled by numerous Middle kingdoms for the next ten centuries. Its northern regions were united once again in the 4th century CE, and remained so for two centuries thereafter, under the Gupta Empire. This period was known as the " Golden Age of India." During the same time, and for several centuries afterwards, India, under the rule of the Chalukyas, Cholas, Pallavas and Pandyas, experienced its own golden age, during which Hinduism and Buddhism spread to much of south-east Asia.

History of India
The roots of Indian civilisation stretch back in time to pre-recorded history. The earliest human activity in the Indian sub-continent can be traced back to the Early, Middle and Late Stone Ages..

Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. It was also one of the four main kingdoms of India..

Gupta Empire
The Gupta Empire was a Hindu empire ruled by the Gupta dynasty in ancient India from around 320 to 550 AD.

Mauryan Empire
The Mauryan Empire was India's first great unified empire. It lasted from 321 to 185 BCE, and was ruled by the Mauryan dynasty

Indus Valley Civilization
The Indus Valley Civilization, 2800 BC1800 BC, was an ancient civilization thriving along the Indus River..

Vedic civilization
The Vedic civilization is the Indo-Aryan culture associated with the Vedas, the earliest known records of Indian history..

Vijayanagara Empire
The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards..

Buddha, the Wise One and original Enlightened Buddhist Being.

Shiva, The Destroyer. He is Lord of the Cosmic Dance.

Ancient Civilization, National Geographic
Read articals from National Geographic and learn about lost tribes, the Dikika baby, the sahara dessert and how they all give little answers from Africa's ancient civilization.

The Maurya Empire and a Dark Age
Information on Chandragupta, the emperor and Martyr and the Buddhist Emperor, Ashoka..

Ancient India
Ancient India Studies

Ancient India - The British Museum
Explore the people, culture, beliefs, and history of ancient India..

Ancient India and Hinduism to 1000 BCE
Sometime around 6000 BCE a nomadic herding people settled into villages in the Mountainous region just west of the Indus River. There they grew barley and wheat using sickles with flint blades, and they lived in small houses built with adobe bricks.

Hindu Epic Literature
Eventually, Hindus followed the impulse that had appeared among the Sumerians and others and they wrote poetic stories that focused on the power of the gods. These Hindu stories were written to create ideals for people to follow. The better known of these are poems called the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.

The Mauryan Empire
In the year 327 BC Alexander crossed the Hindu Kush. With great difficulty, he conquered pieces of land along the Indus and fought the famous king Poros at the river Hydaspes