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Home > Science > Animals > Mammals > Elephants


Elephants are large body mammal with a long trunk and two tusks. There are two main species of elephants as African and Asian. The African elephants are larger in size with about 4m to that of Asian who stands about 3m.
They spend almost 22 hours in eating and they are herbivorous animal who likes to eat grass, fruits, leaves, roots, and others. Elephants are found in different habitats including savannahs, forests, deserts and marshes and an be found around watering holes. Life span of elephants goes between 50-70 years. Their main habitats are rainforest and flood plains.

Elephants are the largest living terrestrial animals and can weigh up to 11,000 pounds. They have large ears with an elongated trunk or proboscis. The elongated trunk has many functions, including breathing, olfaction, touching, grasping item, and sound production, collection of food and water. Elephants have two large tuskes which are modified teeth or incisors. They are used for digging for water, debarking or marking trees; and for moving trees and branches when clearing a path. When fighting, they are used to attack and defend, and to protect the trunk. Socially male and female Elephants are different. The females spend their entire lives in family groups, the male spends time outside of the family group.

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Elephant Internet resources

** Pictures of Elephants **
Great resource for elephant and other animal pictures...

Elephant Cam
Online Elephant Cam from the Elephant Sanctuary

Asian elephant
Asian elephant Fun Facts, Fact Sheet, Conservation Status and Description from the National Zoo.

Asian Elephant Facts and Pictures
Asian Elephant Facts and Pictures

Elephant Facts and Pictures
Elephant Facts and Pictures

The Elephant Information Repository
Contains a large repository of elephant related information, links, news, conservation, and an in-depth look at the elephant. A great place to learn more about elephants.

The Elephant Sanctuary
The Elephant Sanctuary of Hohenwald, Tennessee is a natural-habitat refuge where sick, old and needy elephants can once again walk the Earth in peace and dignity.

Elephant Nature Park - Northern Thailand
An elephant eden in the tropical Himaya range of Northern Thailand focused on Asian Elephants.

NATURE: The Elephants of Africa
learn interesting facts about the elephant, the ivory trade, and poaching A PBS special.

Introduction to the Proboscidea
Berkeley's introduction to modern and ancient elephants.

This page is about elephants and their history and conservation.

Absolut Elephant by Elephant Consultant
Information about elephants; FAQ´s, question form, management, training, breeding, studbook and conservation. Links to elephant sites.

The Elephant Anatomy on the Elephant Information Repository
This page offers a detailed and easy to understand window into the anatomy and internal systems of an Elephant.

The Elephants of Cameroon
Articles of Elephants of Cameroon

Save the Elephants

Elephant Anatomy
Learning all about elephant anatomy.

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